The Guard and Reserves makes up nearly half of the military’s manpower in Iraq and Afghanistan, the report said.
However, investment in the Guard and Reserves has not caught up with the reliance on them, said Travis Sharp, a research associate at CNAS, in an interview with the DorobekINSIDER.
The CNAS study found at least 25 percent of Guard and Reserves lacked equipment they required.
“When you don’t train on the equipment you’re going to use during a deployment, you’re just not as ready, it takes more time to get trained up and the overall effect is to hurt U.S. military effectiveness,” Sharp said.
Sharp said the reasons for policymakers’ delay in investing in the Guard and Reserves are the continued idea of them as the “weekend warriors,” as well as a “lingering rivalry” between Guard and Reserves and the full-time active duty military.
With the defense budget expected to fall in the years to come, the Guard and Reserves can provide a cost-effective solution.
“They only serve part-time, and a lot of them have skills they acquired in their civilian careers that are very difficult to find in the full-time active duty ranks,” Sharp said.
Sharp said two main reforms can be instituted.
Both the Guard and Reserves and the part-time and full-time active duty personnel would benefit from being trained together. This would also fight the “lingering rivalry” between them.
A “continuum of service” will make it easier for people to move from active duty to the Guard and Reserves duty.
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