The military lacks the resources it needs for nearly every one of its forces. The Marines are running with two-thirds of the number of battalions it has needed in the past to meet its daily operational needs. The Army is losing 40,000 active duty troops in the next two years. And advanced missile defense programs are underfunded and behind schedule. Michaela Dodge is a senior analyst for defense and strategic policy at the Heritage Foundation. She tells In Depth with Francis Rose that DoD and the next administration are in desperate need of a new nuclear game plan.
The Army has known for a few years now its active duty end strength will have to get smaller. It’s even announced the final number: 450,000. And sequestration — if it continues in fiscal 2016 — will make things worse, putting the Army on a path to an active duty force of 420,000. But the decisions on which bases those cuts will come from are now out, and many lawmakers are suddenly up in arms. Mark Cancian is a senior adviser for the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and former chief of the Force and Structure and Investment Division at the Office of Management and Budget. He tells In Depth guest host Jared Serbu the Army is taking the same approach to impending budget cuts as a private company might when its workforce gets too expensive.
The Army releases an update for its Army Operating Concept. It comes from a list of 20 Army Warfighting Challenges. And the Army says both resources are critical tools to build the force it needs 25 and 50 years from now. Gen. David Perkins is commanding general of the Army’s Training and Doctrine Command. He tells In Depth with Francis Rose about the mission of TRADOC and how his command delivers on that mission.
The U.S. far ahead of any potential adversary in its ability to strike where and when it wants. But the gap is shrinking. Sustaining America’s Precision Strike Advantage is the latest release from the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. Bryan Clark and Mark Gunzinger are senior fellows there and co-authors of the work. They joined Francis Rose on Pentagon Solutions to talk about the importance of the U.S. maintaining its precision strike advantage.
Two priorities shape the way the United States Army will drive its business: Warfighting and enterprise information environment mission areas. Those priorities are more important in an Army where human power, and budget, is getting smaller. Doug Wiltsie is program executive officer for Enterprise Information Systems for the Army. On In Depth with Francis Rose, Doug laid out three priorities for 2015 and he says the first one is uninterrupted capability delivery.
The F-22 Raptor made its combat debut against the Islamic State in Syria this week. The F-22 project cost about $70 billion over a decade. The Pentagon expects the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter to be combat-ready in four years, and it’s already the most expensive weapon system in Defense Department history. Cary Russell, director of Defense Capabilities and Management Issues at the Government Accountability Office, estimates the cost of running the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. He told In Depth with Francis Rose after DoD activates the F-35 for combat, the cost could reach about $1 trillion.
The Senate Intelligence Committee has approved the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act. The legislation is designed to expand information shared about cybersecurity threats and defensive mechanisms between the government and companies and within the private sector. The goal is to combat the rapid increase in attacks on computer systems that have resulted in the theft of millions of Americans’ personal information and hundreds of millions of dollars in losses for businesses.
The release of the National Defense Panel’s analysis of the Quadrennial Defense Review is just a few weeks away. That panel is Congress’ independent review board for the QDR. Nora Bensahel is senior fellow and co-director of the Responsible Defense Program at the Center for a New American Security. She was a guest for Pentagon Solutions on In Depth with Francis Rose. Her latest work is titled “Beyond the QDR: Key Issues Facing the National Defense Panel.” She says the QDR doesn’t break much new ground, and that’s not necessarily a bad thing.
Both the Pentagon and Congress are missing a critical piece of national security strategy in the fiscal 2015 National Defense Authorization Act. Barry Pavel, vice president of the Atlantic Council and director of the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security, joined Francis Rose for Pentagon Solutions. Barry writes policymakers need to consider a formal strategy to address the power of the individual.
Congress is hollowing out the Defense Department and turning the nation’s military into a paper tiger of global proportions. That’s according to Bryan Clark, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments and a former special assistant to the Chief of Naval Operations. He joined In Depth with Francis Rose for Pentagon Solutions today. He and his colleague Todd Harrison write about the Defense Department’s fiscal 2015 budget process on Capitol Hill and how it forces the Pentagon to ignore its own budgetary wisdom.
Dennis McGinn, assistant secretary of the Navy for energy, installations and environment, says the pursuit of renewable energy is not just about the Navy “going green.” It supports the mission.
More than $1 trillion in sequestration-related cuts could put national security at risk. That’s what the Defense Department argues. The Pentagon’s report describes what DoD could look like if sequestration continues past fiscal 2015. Russell Rumbaugh, director of budgeting for foreign affairs and defense and senior associate at the Stimson Center, joined Francis Rose for Pentagon Solutions.
The Defense Department is looking at programs to cut back or kill because of budget pressures. When you get the work to terminate your program, you don’t just stop. The Defense Acquisition University’s Smart Shutdown guide book tells you how to shut down the right way. John Adams, director of the specialty engineering education and training program and professor of acquisition program management and systems engineering at the Defense Acquisition University, was Francis Rose’s guest on Pentagon Solutions.
The Defense Department’s overall budget will shrink by a combined $900 billion by fiscal year 2021, according to Army Chief of Staff Gen. Ray Odierno. He tells the Senate Armed Services Committee how the Army will absorb more than $260 billion in cuts during that span. On Pentagon Solutions, Odierno says the Pentagon is creating a Total Army Solution for the looming budget cuts.