“I’m seeing a shift from paperwork and compliance energy that’s been permeating the government for the last 15 years into an operational mode, where they’re actually moving to improve security — not just writing about it,” he said.
And it’s all happening because of a change in management, he added.
“For a long time, the people who were running the cyber operation at DHS were bascially lawyers — wonderful laywers, great lawyers, but they couldn’t spell TCP,” Paller said. “Now that you have a new person running cybersecurity, there’s a palpable shift. You can tell when you talk to the technical people that they feel like somebody’s there who can understand what they’re trying to do and how they’re trying to do it. It’s just a good feeling.”
Paller said the agency’s technical employees finally have a boss “who understands that you don’t fix computer security by writing papers.”
Overall, agencies still struggle with the hurdle of continuous monitoring, Paller said, because they continue to be graded on paper-based compliance reports rather than their actual security postures.