Congress needs to pass twelve annual spending bills — which set agency funding levels — before the end of the fiscal year on September 30th. The House passed five of those bills so far. The Senate hasn’t passed any. The appropriations process was supposed to be easier this year compared to last year. That’s because lawmakers have already agreed on a bipartisan budget deal that sets topline spending figures for the next two years. Philip Joyce is a professor of public policy at the University of Maryland. In an interview with Web Writer Jack Moore, he said agencies should still plan for a continuing resolution.