The Internet is more than just a technology. It is a domain—similar to the domains of land, air, sea and space, but with its own distinct challenges. The cyber domain has national and international dimensions that include industry, trade, intellectual property, security, technology, culture, policy, and diplomacy. It includes all parts of the converged network, from computer networks to satellite communications, and is not bound by international borders. How can the United States shape the global cyber landscape to promote U.S. economic interests, and develop a cyber domain that considers transparency, accessibility, security, and privacy? Cyber 2020: the Future of the Internet, is part of the Booz Allen Hamilton Expert Voices panel series, moderated by Executive Vice President Mike McConnell and featuring top government and commercial experts.
Panelists: Brigadier General John A. Davis– Director, Current Operations, J33, US Cyber Command Robert Kahn, Ph.D.– Chairman, CEO, & President, Corporation for National Research Initiatives James A. Lewis, Ph.D.– Senior Fellow, Center for Strategic and International Studies Col (ret) Gregory J. Rattray, Ph.D.– Partner, Delta-Risk LLC Daniel Weitzner– Associate Administrator for the Office of Policy Analysis and Development, National Telecommunications and Information Association
Moderator: John M. (Mike) McConnell – Executive Vice President, Booz Allen Hamilton About the Panel:
John M. (Mike) McConnell Executive Vice President Booz Allen Hamilton
Mike McConnell is Executive Vice President and leader of the Intelligence for Booz Allen Hamilton and is a member of the firm’s Leadership Team. Mr. McConnell previously served from 2007-2009 as U.S. Director of National Intelligence (DNI), a position of Cabinet rank under Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama. As DNI, Mr. McConnell served as the principal intelligence advisor to the President and as a member of the U.S. National Security Council.
Mr. McConnell’s career has spanned over 40 years focusing on international developments and foreign intelligence issues, first as a career intelligence officer in the U.S. Navy, as the Senior Intelligence Officer on the Joint Chiefs of Staff, as Director of the National Security Agency, and later as Senior Vice President with Booz Allen Hamilton after retiring from the U.S. Navy as Vice Admiral after 29 years of service. Over the past few years, Mr. McConnell’s area of focus has been counter-terrorism, cyber security, counter-proliferation, and foreign intelligence. While managing the U.S. Intelligence Community, an organization of 100,000 people, he had responsibility for a global enterprise and budget of over $47B. In this capacity, Mr. McConnell had extensive interactions with the White House, the President’s Cabinet, the Congress, International Leaders, and the U.S. Business Community.
Serving first under President George H. W. Bush and later President Clinton, Mr. McConnell served as Director of the National Security Agency (NSA) from 1992-1996. He also served as a member of the senior leadership team of the Director of Central Intelligence to address major programmatic and substantive foreign intelligence issues from 1992 until 1996.
Brigadier General John A. Davis Director, Current Operations, J33 United States Cyber Command
BG Davis graduated from the United States Military Academy in May 1980 with a Bachelor of Science degree and was commissioned in the United States Army as an Infantry Officer. He received a Master of Military Art and Science degree from the United States Army Command and General Staff College and a Master of Strategic Studies degree from the United States Army War College.
His duty assignments include the 82d Airborne Division, 1st Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment; the Berlin Brigade; 75th Ranger Regiment; United Nations Command Security Force – Joint Security Area in Panmunjom, Korea; Aide de Camp to the Commanding General, XVIII Airborne Corps; United States Atlantic Command; Information Operations Division Chief at the Joint Special Operations Command; United States Special Operations Command as Deputy Director for Information Operations; Division Chief/J39 for the Center for Special Operations; and Commander of 1st Information Operations Command (Land).
Prior to becoming J33 for the United States Cyber Command, BG Davis was Deputy Commander of the Joint Task Force Global Network Operations (JTF-GNO).
BG Davis is a master parachutist and has been awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge, Expert Infantryman Badge, Pathfinder Badge and Ranger Tab. His awards and decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Bronze Star Medal with oak leaf cluster, the Defense Meritorious Service Medal with oak leaf cluster, the Meritorious Service Medal with three oak leaf clusters, the Air Medal, and the Joint Service Commendation Medal.
Robert (Bob) Kahn Chairman, CEO and President Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI)
Robert E. Kahn is Chairman, CEO and President of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI), which he founded in 1986 after a thirteen year term at the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). CNRI was created as a not-for-profit organization to provide leadership and funding for research and development of the National Information Infrastructure.
After receiving a B.E.E. from the City College of New York in 1960, Dr. Kahn earned M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Princeton University in 1962 and 1964 respectively. He worked on the Technical Staff at Bell Laboratories and then became an Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering at MIT. He took a leave of absence from MIT to join Bolt Beranek and Newman, where he was responsible for the system design of the Arpanet, the first packet-switched network. In 1972 he moved to DARPA and subsequently became Director of DARPA’s Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO). While Director of IPTO he initiated the United States government’s billion dollar Strategic Computing Program, the largest computer research and development program ever undertaken by the federal government. Dr. Kahn conceived the idea of open-architecture networking. He is a co-inventor of the TCP/IP protocols and was responsible for originating DARPA’s Internet Program. Until recently, CNRI provided the Secretariat for the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Dr. Kahn also coined the term National Information Infrastructure (NII) in the mid 1980s which later became more widely known as the Information Super Highway.
In his recent work, Dr. Kahn has been developing the concept of a digital object architecture as a key middleware component of the NII. This notion is providing a framework for interoperability of heterogeneous information systems and is being used in many applications such as the Digital Object Identifier (DOI). He is a co-inventor of Knowbot programs, mobile software agents in the network environment. Dr. Kahn is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the IEEE, a Fellow of AAAI, a Fellow of ACM and a Fellow of the Computer History Museum. He is a member of the State Department’s Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy, a former member of the President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee, a former member of the Board of Regents of the National Library of Medicine and the President’s Advisory Council on the National Information Infrastructure.
He is a recipient of the AFIPS Harry Goode Memorial Award, the Marconi Award, the ACM SIGCOMM Award, the President’s Award from ACM, the IEEE Koji Kobayashi Computer and Communications Award, the IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal, the IEEE Third Millennium Medal, the ACM Software Systems Award, the Computerworld/Smithsonian Award, the ASIS Special Award and the Public Service Award from the Computing Research Board. He has twice received the Secretary of Defense Civilian Service Award. He is a recipient of the 1997 National Medal of Technology, the 2001 Charles Stark Draper Prize from the National Academy of Engineering, the 2002 Prince of Asturias Award, and the 2004 A. M. Turing Award from the Association for Computing Machinery. Dr. Kahn received the 2003 Digital ID World award for the Digital Object Architecture as a significant contribution (technology, policy or social) to the digital identity industry. In 2005, he was awarded the Townsend Harris Medal from the Alumni Association of the City College of New York, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the C & C Prize in Tokyo, Japan. He was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in May 2006, and awarded the Japan Prize for his work in “Information Communication Theory and Technology” in 2008. He received the Harold Pender Award from the University of Pennsylvania in 2010.
Dr. Kahn has received honorary degrees from Princeton University, University of Pavia, ETH Zurich, University of Maryland, George Mason University, the University of Central Florida and the University of Pisa, and an honorary fellowship from University College, London.
James A. Lewis Senior Fellow Center for Strategic and International Studies
James Andrew Lewis is a senior fellow and Program Director at CSIS where he writes on technology, national security and the international economy. Before joining CSIS, he worked in the Federal government as a Foreign Service Officer and as a member of the Senior Executive Service. His assignments involved Asian regional security, military intervention and insurgency, conventional arms negotiations, technology transfer, sanctions, internet policy, and military space programs.
Lewis has authored numerous CSIS publications with the theme of how government policies adjust to technological innovation. They include including Building an Information Technology Industry in China: National Strategy, Global Markets (2007); Foreign Influence on Software: Risks and Recourse (2007); Waiting for Sputnik: Basic Research and Strategic Competition (2006); Globalization and National Security (2004); Spectrum Management for the 21st Century (2003); Assessing the Risk of Cyber Terrorism (2002); and Preserving America’s Strength in Satellite Technology (2001). Most recently, he was the Project Director for CSIS’s Commission on Cybersecurity for the 44th Presidency, whose report has been downloaded more than 40,000 times.
He appears frequently in the press and serves on several federal advisory boards. His current research involves innovation and economic change; asymmetric warfare; and intelligence reform. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1984.
Col (ret) Gregory J. Rattray, Ph.D. Partner, Delta-Risk LLC
Dr. Greg Rattray is a Partner with Delta Risk, LLC, a Cyber Security consulting group specializing in providing fully comprehensive and cutting edge services in risk management and cyber security to corporate and private clients worldwide. Previously, Greg served 23 years as a U.S. Air Force officer, retiring in summer 2007. His assignments included Director for Cyber Security on the White House National Security Council and Commander of the Operations Group of the Air Force Information Warfare Center responsible for global operations of 900 personnel/$100 million active duty and National Guard team. Greg is the author of numerous books and articles including Strategic Warfare in Cyberspace. He received his Ph.D. from Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, Tufts University, his Masters in Public Policy from J. F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and his B.S. from U.S. Air Force Academy. He is a member of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Commission on Cyber Security for the 44th Presidency and a full member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Daniel J Weitzner Associate Administrator for Policy NTIA Daniel J. Weitzner serves as Associate Administrator for Policy at the United States Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). NTIA is principal adviser to the President on telecommunications and information policy.
Prior to joining NTIA, Weitzner created the MIT CSAIL Decentralized Information Group, taught Internet public policy in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, and was Policy Director of the World Wide Web Consortium. He founded the Web Science Research Initiative with Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, Nigel Shadbolt and James Hendler. Weitzner was co-founder and Deputy Director of the Center for Democracy and Technology, and Deputy Policy Director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
Weitzner has law degree from Buffalo Law School, and a B.A. in Philosophy from Swarthmore College. His writings have appeared in Science magazine, the Yale Law Review, Communications of the ACM, Computerworld, Wired Magazine and Social Research.