Cuts and Gains: Budget details at a glance

This story was last updated April 13, 2011.

Compiled by Suzanne Kubota
Senior Internet Editor

Congress passed a fiscal year 2011 budget on Thursday. The bill is headed to the president, who said he will sign the bill into law.

The bill cuts $38 billion from spending over the remaining six months of the current budget year.


Some cuts were made by pruning money left over from previous years. More than half of the cuts affect education, labor and health programs.

Read the full text of the bill. (More resources at the bottom of this page)

  • The current stopgap measure keeps the government in business through April 14.
  • The proposed bill would fund agencies through Sept. 30, the end of the fiscal year.
  • It contains $28 billion in new spending cuts.
  • The $1.049 trillion legislation is set for a House vote on Thursday April 14, with a Senate vote to follow. (Updated.)


  • The Defense Department would receive $513 billion. It does not include funding for an alternative engine for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. The bill calls for cuts in 759 defense programs.
  • For the first time ever, annual Homeland Security Department appropriations will be going down. The number of Transportation Security Administration workers is capped at 46,000 full-time equivalent screeners. According to the TSA website, the agency currently has 48,000 Transportation Security Officers.
  • $2.5 billion from Labor Department and Health and Human Services Department programs, including $390 million from heating subsidies and $300 million more from Social Security Administration information technology.
  • The Environmental Protection Agency’s budget would be cut by around $1.6 billion, a 16 percent cut.
  • The National Institutes of Health would be cut by $260 million, rather than a proposed $1.6 billion.
  • From GSA – $946 million from construction and repair of federal buildings.
  • The U.S. contribution to the United Nations and other international organizations would be cut by $377 million.
  • $127 million from the National Park Service.
  • The Women, Infants and Children nutrition program is cut $504 million, foreign food assistance by $194 million and assistance to state and local law enforcement by $415 million, compared to 2010 levels.
  • Funding for four top White House aides — known as “czars” — has been eliminated. The provision does not pay for Obama’s top advisers for health care, climate change, the auto industry and urban affairs.
  • Compared to the enacted fiscal year 2010 budget, “salaries and expenses” would decrease for a few departments, The Washington Post reports.
    • Agricultural Research Service – decrease by $44 million
    • Justice Department (Offices of Justice Programs, Violence Against Women, and Community Oriented Policing Services) – decrease by $26 million
    • Housing and Urban Development – decrease by $17 million, and
    • AP reports pay for foreign service officers would be frozen.
  • $65 million from congressional office budgets.


  • $7.8 billion allocated for FBI salaries and expenses represents a $176 million increase over 2010.
  • The Food and Drug Administration emerges with $2.45 billion, reflecting some increase.
  • The Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission would get slight increases in funding: $74 million and $34 million respectively, over 2010.


  • IRS would be frozen at about $12.15 billion – its 2010 funding level.
  • Additional cuts prevented include: NPR, AmeriCorps public service program, food safety inspections, the National Endowment for the Arts, Head Start, Community Development Block Grants and Pell college tuition grants
  • Policy riders dropped include: funding for the administration’s health-care overhaul, Planned Parenthood, education and Internet regulations.
  • $12 billion in reductions have already been approved as part of previous stopgap bills funding the government.

Information for this list comes from:

The Associated Press

The HillSix-month spending bill unveiled: What’s cut and what’s not

BloombergU.S. Lawmakers Reach Agreement on $38 Billion in Budget Cuts

PoliticoBudget deal isn’t all about cuts

USA TodayBudget deal funds health care law, NPR

More information can be found at:

House Appropriations Committee Summary (pdf)

Senate Appropriations Committee Highlights (press release)

FY 2011 CR Reductions by Committee (House Appropriations Committee Republicans chart)

This story will be continually updated.


Budget Resource Page

Shutdown Coverage

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