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Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons founded the American National Red Cross on May 21, 1881, to provide humanitarian relief to victims of wars and natural disasters. In this Sept. 26, 1944, file photo, Staff Aide Jane Steward, an American Red Cross worker, lights a cigarette for a wounded French gendarme at a U.S. evacuation hospital in Brittany. In 1944, the Red Cross was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the second time, having also won it in 1917. It then claimed the award for what still is a record third time in 1963.
(AP Photo, File)