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After Native American tribes defeated U.S. forces in the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Congress enacted an amendment to the Indian Appropriations Act of 1876. Referred to as the “sell or starve” rider by the Sioux, it cut off government rations for the tribe until they ended hostilities and ceded the Black Hills to the U.S. The Black Hills mountain range in South Dakota and Wyoming had been a sacred region for the Lakota Sioux since the 1700s, and before that they were occupied by the Cheyenne. They managed to keep out settlers through treaties and by force for decades until the Gold Rush brought George Armstrong Custer’s Black Hills Expedition to the area in 1874. Today the land is part of the Black Hills National Forest.