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On Aug. 16, 1858, Queen Victoria sent a telegram via the new transatlantic cable to President James Buchanan at his summer residence in the Bedford Springs Hotel in Pennsylvania. The queen’s message expressed hope that the cable would be “an additional link between the nations whose friendship is founded on their common interest and reciprocal esteem.” Buchanan responded, in part: “It is a triumph more glorious, because far more useful to mankind, than was ever won by conqueror on the field of battle. May the Atlantic telegraph, under the blessing of Heaven, prove to be a bond of perpetual peace and friendship between the kindred nations, and an instrument destined by Divine Providence to diffuse religion, civilization, liberty, and law throughout the world.” The artwork by Robert Charles Dudley is titled “Landing of the Atlantic Cable of 1866